Table 1

Clinical characteristics of developmental stage-specific breast cancers

Stage

Increased risk (tumor subtype)*

Clinical characteristics


Pregnancy

ER-

High stage diagnosis

High grade

Often metastatic

Postmenopause

ER+

Lower grade at diagnosis

Respond to anti-hormone therapies

Postmenopause

ER-

High stage diagnosis

with obesity

Poor patient survival rate


*According to [5,10,30].

McCready et al. Breast Cancer Research 2010 12:205   doi:10.1186/bcr2578