Table 5

Association of the examined psychosocial factors with survival/recurrence

Survival

Recurrence

No impact


Coping

[9], [17], [23], [26]

Cognitive/role functioning

+ [29]

+ [29]a

Beliefs about cancer incurability

[27]

Fighting spirit

+ [30]

-[4]

[14], [21], [29]

Stressful events

-[29]

+ [12], -[13], -[25]b

[6], [9], [13]c, [25]

Anxiety

-[7]

+ [20]

[4], [5], [8], [9], [14], [16], [21], [29], [30]

Hopelessness/helplessness

-[7]

+ [4], + [10], + [21]

[14], [21]d, [29], [30]

Joy

+ [11]

[5]

Depression/negative mood

+ [5], -[11], -[21], -[24], -[28], -[33]

[4], [8], [9], [13], [16], [25], [30], [29], [33]e

Perceived social support

+ [15], + [26], -[33]

[30], [33]f

Social support

+ [6]g, + [15]h, + [31], + [34]

[4], [10], [13], [23], [30], [34]i

Minimizing

+ [23], + [33]

Repressive defensiveness/emotional constraints

-[7], -[24], -[33]

[4], [21], [33]j

Adjustment

+ [18]k

[4], [8]

Fatalism/stoic acceptance

+ [4]

[14], [21], [26], [29], [30]

Positive constructing daydreaming

-[7]

Denial/avoidance

+ [29], -[33]

-[4]

[14], [21]

Locus of control

[8], [9], [18], [26], [30]

Anger/hostility

+ [5], -[9], -[11]

+ [9]

[4], [8], [16], [29]

Vigor/activity

[5], [29]

Fatigue/inertia

[29]

Guilt

+ [5]

Extroversion

+ [9]

[4]

Expressive activities

+ [9]

-[9]

Group participation (religious/non-religious)

+ [6]

[15], [19], [34]

Confusion/bewilderment

[29]

Somatization, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, interpersonal sensitivity, paranoid ideation, psychoticism

+ [5]

[4], [9], [16]

Self-esteem

[8], [9]

Hobbies

+ [19]

Female child

+ [19]

Marriage

+ [6], + [19], + [32]

[10], [15], [29], [34]


The number in brackets is the number of the reference. Symbols: +, increased survival/recurrence; -, decreased survival/recurrence. aCognitive functioning. bPost-diagnosis. cDuring follow-up period. dAt 1 year follow up. eRecurrence. fNo impact on recurrence. gYounger age groups. hWhite women. iPost-diagnosis. jRecurrence. kSexual adjustment. Minimisation: elimination of the impact of cancer on social, work, and family life. Perceived emotional support: reflects participant's ability to talk about disease related distresses with family/friends. Locus of control: reflects patient's beliefs about whether health outcomes are under control of powerful others/random forces. Emotional defensiveness: suppression and control of emotions.

Falagas et al. Breast Cancer Research 2007 9:R44   doi:10.1186/bcr1744

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